Treated Conditions

The Skin Institute

We are pleased to have on staff a team of well qualified and respected health professionals. Our physicians bring decades of experience to the practice and a genuine concern for their patients.

General Dermatology

Acne Scaring

If acne is left untreated, depressions or pits in the skin may form acne scars. Loss of collagen as skin ages can cause acne scarring to appear more noticeable.

Alopecia Areata

Alopecia Areata is an autoimmune disease that causes round, smooth patches of hair loss. Treatments include topical steroids and injections, and in most cases hair regrows itself. This disease may affect children and adults at any age.

Athlete's foot

Athlete's foot is a common fungal skin infection of the feet and toes. It is most common among teenage and adult males. Anti-fungal creams and a few preventative measures are effective in relieving symptoms. Recurrence is common.

Blisters

Blisters are a pocket of fluid within the skin caused by burning, rubbing, autoimmune conditions or infection. They maybe filled with purulent fluid, blood, lymph fluid or serum.

Boils

Boils are a skin infection that starts in a hair follicle or oil gland. The most common place for boils to appear are on the face, armpits, neck or buttocks. These often need to be medically treated or incised and drained.

Contact Dermatitis

Contact dermatitis is a rash caused by an allergic reaction. Generally the skin will look red, itchy, swollen, and small blisters may develop.

Common causes are exposure to metals, rubber, dyes, topical antibiotics, skin care products and plants.

Corns and Calluses

Corns and calluses are thick, hardened layers of skin caused by friction and pressure. Corns most commonly appear on the tops and sides of the feet while calluses mostly appear on the soles of the feet. Although benign, if a corn or callus becomes painful medical assistance maybe required.

Cysts

Sebaceous or epidermoid cysts, are benign, small, hard lumps that develop under the skin. They are typically slow growing, but if they become painful or infected, they may require treatment by a doctor.

Dandruff/Seborrheic Dermatitis

Dandruff is a condition that causes red, greasy patches of scalp to flake off. Patients often complain of itching of the scalp. Dandruff can occur on the face and around ears. Medicated shampoos, anti-inflammatory or anti-fungal creams are often used to control dandruff.

Diaper Rash

Diaper rash is inflamed skin, within the diaper area, it appears as a patchwork of bright red skin.

Dry Skin

Dry skin is common and may occur at any age for many reasons. Using a moisturizer often helps repair dry skin, but sometimes people need a dermatologist to help find relief.

Eczema/Atopic Dermatitis

Eczema typically runs in families and appears as a red, itchy rash on the cheeks, arms and legs. Its commonly associated with history of asthma or hay fever. The disease can occur at any age but is most common in infants to young adults. Anti-itch medication and anti-inflammatory products are often needed for relief.

Folliculitis/Ingrown Hairs

Folliculitis is a common skin condition in which hair follicles become inflamed and sometimes infected. Its usually caused by a bacteria or fungus and appears as red bumps or white head pimples.

Herpes Simplex/Cold Sores

Herpes Simplex is a common infection often referred to as a cold sore. It can occur around the mouth, nose, buttocks or genitals. It can cause the skin to itch and tingle, fluid-filled blisters to form and flu-like symptoms. Creams and ointments are available to relieve symptoms of cold sores. Anti-viral medications are also approved to help herpes simplex.

Herpes Zolster/Shingles

Herpes Zoster is a viral infection of the skin caused by the same virus that causes chicken pox. It generally affects only one side of the body. There may be burning, itching or tingling followed by groups of blisters. Zoster may clear on its own in a few weeks. If caught early, oral antiviral medications are prescribed along with pain relievers to help reduce risk of chronic pain.

If you are sixty or older and have had chickenpox, the shingles vaccine may be recommended.

Hives (Urticaria)

Hives are red, raised welts of varying shapes and sizes which typically last six to twelve hours and fade without leaving a mark. Hives are very common and most often the cause is unknown. Causes include foods, medications and infections are sometime the cause.

Hyperhidrosis/Excessive Sweating

Hyperhidrosis is a medical disorder that results in the production of excessive sweat. People with hyperhidrosis sweat even when the body is cool. They sweat from one or two areas of the body such as hands, feet, or under arms while the rest of the body remains dry.

Impetigo

Impetigo is a very common bacterial skin infection in children and is extremely contagious. It may first appear as red sores on the face. Then, as the sores burst, they develop a honey-colored crust. Topical or oral antibiotics may be necessary.

Keratosis Pilaris

Keratosis pilaris is a common dry skin condition that causes skin colored and pink rough bumps, giving the skin a texture much like that of sandpaper. It is most commonly found on the upper arms, thighs, and cheeks. Keratosis pilaris is harmless; however, in order to relive the itch or improve the appearance of the skin, one may need to use certain moisturizers or creams.

Melasma

Melasma causes light to dark brown patches of skin over the face. Women are most commonly affected. It can often develop slow and last for many years. Melasma is generally triggered by sun exposure making it worse in the summer or by hormonal changes during pregnancy. Melasma generally occurs in women with darker skin tones or women who have a family history of melasma.

Melasma sometimes fades on its own. If it does not, there are skin lightening creams, laser treatment, and chemical peels that may help.

Moles

Moles are very common and develop in nearly every individual. There are several types of moles. It is important to perform self-exams and be sure to look for the ABCDEs of melanoma:
Asymmetry: One half is different than the other
Border: Irregular or poorly defined
Color: Varies from one area to another
Diameter: Often larger than 6mm but can be smaller
Evolving: Looks different from other moles on the body or continues to change
It is important to see your dermatologist if any of the ABCDEs are present, if a mole seems worrisome, or if it looks unusual. Though treatment is available, early detection is essential.

Molluscum Contagiosum

Molluscum contagiosum is a common viral infection of the skin that is usually harmless but may spread from person to person. These growths are often small, shiny, round or dome-shaped, white or pink colored, dimpled, indented, smooth, or firm and may occur anywhere on the body.

The most common forms of treatment include: topical medicines, or freezing with liquid nitrogen.

Nail Fungus

Nail Fungus is common and can affect any nail but is most common on toenails. It causes a thickening of the nail which can cause it to turn yellow. The affected nail can sometimes crumble. It can be hard to treat and often a prescription topical anti-fungal medication or pill is necessary.

Nummular Dermatitis

Nummular Dermatitis

Perioral Dermatitis

Perioral Dermatitis is a common eruption that occurs on the face and generally affects women between ages of twenty and thirty-five. Small red bumps, peeling, itching and sometimes burning occur around the mouth. It may last for months to years. With treatment, it generally does not re-occur.

Psoriasis

Psoriasis forms when the immune system mistakenly activates a white blood cell called the T cell. Once it is activated it causes the new skin cells to grow too quickly, causing them to pile up on the surface of the skin. There are many different forms of psoriasis; however, the most common form is plaque psoriasis. These patches generally form on the elbows, knees and lower back, but can form anywhere within the skin.

There is no cure for psoriasis; however, it can be treated with topical medicines, light therapy, and systemic medications.

Ringworm/Fungal Infection of the Skin (Tinea Corporis)

Ringworm is a superficial fungal infection of the skin usually affecting the body. The fungus causes red, round shaped patches that are scaly and itchy. When an individual has ringworm, no worm is actually involved, but rather a rash that is in a ring form.

Rosacea/Facial Redness

Rosacea generally creates redness across the nose and cheeks, acne-like breakouts, irritated skin, thin and purple veins, bloodshot eyes, dry, itchy or irritated eyes and grittiness within the eyes. Rosacea is very common and is more prevalent in women; however, it can become more severe in men.

There is no cure for rosacea. Common treatments that have proven to be beneficial include, topical and oral medications, laser treatments, or the removal of excess skin along with a good skin care routine.

Scabies

Scabies is an itchy skin condition created by a small mite that is hard to detect. It can affect people of any age and can be treated with creams or lotions and sometimes oral medicine. Getting rid of the mites is critical in the removal of scabies. All bedding and clothing should be washed. Family members should also be evaluated.

Tinea Versicolor

Tinea versicolor is a non-contagious fungal infection caused by an overgrowth of yeast. It develops in oily areas of the skin as small scaly spots. Treatment can include topical or oral medications or use a medicated cleanser.

Warts

Warts are caused by HPV and are contagious and can be contracted by touching someone who has a wart or something that has touched a person's wart. There are many types of warts, and the type you get depends on the type of HPV that infects you. The common types of warts are, plantar, flat, and genital.

Most warts are harmless and tend to get better with time. However, sometimes treatment should be sought. Treatments can range from prescriptions to in-office procedures.

Cosmetic Dermatology

Hair Loss and Restoration

Hair loss can affect anyone at any stage of life. Because there are many types and several causes, it's important to see a dermatologist to understand the causes and discuss treatment options.

Razor Bumps

Razor bumps are caused by an inflammation of the skin due to shaving. The affected skin generally appears to have small, red or dark bumps around the hair follicles. There are different grooming techniques and treatment options that may help.

Skin Tags

Skin tags are growths of skin where short and narrow areas of skin tick out. They are generally harmless and painless. Sometimes they can become irritated by clothing or rubbing and in this case can be removed.

Spider Vein

Spider veins lie closely to the surface of the skin and range from blue to purple. They can be found on the legs, areas of the face, and other aspects of the body. The best preventative measures are to live a healthy life with regular exercise; however, they cannot always be avoidable, and treatment is available. Support hose are an important part of management.

Sun Damage

Sun damage is done to the skin by the sun's UV rays. UVA rays cause the skin to age, causing the skin to wrinkle, tan and develop age spots. UVB rays are the rays that cause the skin to burn. However both forms of UV rays can cause sun damage.

Sun damage can appear in many forms and the skin should be protected from the sun as best as possible.

Vascular Birthmarks

Vascular birthmarks have no specific cause, and there are many types of vascular birthmarks. Some common types are macular stains, hemangiomas and port-wine stains. These birthmarks are made up of blood vessels that are bunched together in the skin and can be flat or raised.

Treatment options are available depending on the type of vascular birthmark you have.

Vitiligo/Skin Discoloration

Vitiligo causes the skin to loose color and some people develop spots that turn completely white. There are four types of vitiligo: generalized, localized, acrofacial and universal vitiligo. There is no cure for vitiligo; however, treatment can bring pigment back to the skin.

Some of the treatments available are light therapy, topical treatments, skin grafts and depigmentation. It is especially important for people who have vitiligo to be deliberate about sun protection.

Wrinkles

Wrinkles are inevitable as one ages; however, some wrinkles can be prevented with the use of proper skin care throughout one's life. Often they appear on areas of the skin that have had lots of sun exposure such as the face, arms and neck. It is important to wear a broad spectrum sunscreen that has an SPF of 30 or higher to avoid the formation of un-necessary wrinkles.

Skin Cancer

Actinic Keratosis/Pre-Cancers

Actinic Keratosis are small, red, scaly spots most commonly found on sun exposed areas such as face, ears, neck, arms and hands. They are most common among people with fair skin who have had significant sun exposure. They are considered pre-cancerous.

Seborrheic Keratoses

Seborrheic Keratoses (SKs) are common, non-cancerous skin growths. Most SKs start off as small, rough bumps on the skin while slowly grow and gradually thicken. SKs growths are commonly mistaken for warts, moles, actinic keratosis or melanomas.

Treatment is not generally needed; however, they may be removed if certain symptoms are present.

Basal Cell Carcinoma

Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC) is the most common form of skin cancer. BCC appears in many different shapes and sizes, and are generally on areas with repeated sun exposure. Anyone is capable of getting BCC and it is serious, yet curable. Basal cell cancer often persists as a bleeding lesion that will not heal.

Malignant Melanoma

Malignant Melanoma is a form of skin cancer Finding and treating melanoma early is very important. Anyone is capable of getting melanoma, so performing self-exams are very important. It is important to look for the ABCDEs of melanoma detection: ?Asymetry: One half is different than the other
Border: irregular, or poorly defined
Color: Varies from one area to another
Diameter: often larger than 6mm but can be smaller
Evolving: Looks different from other moles on the body and continues to change

If treated early a surgical removal may be the only treatment necessary. If the cancer continues to spread more surgeries may be needed as well as additional treatments.

Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC) is the second most common type of skin cancer. SCC occurs in many shapes and may be flat, bumpy, or a dome-shaped bump. SCC often develops on areas of the skin that had a lot of sun exposure. Some SCCs begin as actinic keratosis and share many of the same qualities.

When SCC it is caught early and removed it can normally be cured.